Bulgaria is a parliamentary republic founded on the principle of separation of powers into legislative, judicial and executive. Since January 1st, 2007 Bulgaria is full member state of the European Union.
The country is located in Southeast Europe and is situated in the northeastern part of the Balkan Peninsula, occupies 22% of its area. The total territory of Bulgaria equals to 110 910 sq.km., of which 110 550 sq.km. land and 360 sq.km water.
Land borders of the country with Greece, Turkey, Macedonia and the Republic Serbia. The Water borders of the country with Romania through the Danube River and Black Sea.